E-cigarettes can cause a slew of serious and fatal medical conditions. As the Surgeon General has noted, the harmful chemicals present in a Juul pod include diacetyl, heavy metals, and lead. These chemicals can result in severe lung cancer, decreased immunity, inhibited brain development, and popcorn lung. Popcorn lung, caused by the Juul vapor chemical component diacetyl, is an extreme obstructive respiratory disease that can become disabling over time, eventually causing scarring and disfigurement of the bronchioles, which can lead to death. Moreover, due to the relative novelty of e-cigarettes, little longitudinal research has been performed on the long-term effects of the chemicals in their vapor. Only time will tell what other medical conditions they may cause.
- “E-cigarettes turn nicotine into inhalable vapor, can harm developing brains of teenagers, can create harmful aerosol for people around the user….” (Surgeon General 2016)
- “Recent teen vapers were about twice as likely to have chronic bronchitis as were kids who had never vaped. Students who had vaped in the past, but not in the last month, also were about as likely as current vapers to have chronic bronchitis.” American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, April 2017
- Nicotine causes inflammation in lung tissue and reduces the tissue’s ability to serve as a barrier to foreign substances. (Irina Petrache, MD, lung specialist at Indiana University in Indianapolis)
- E-cig users are five-to-15 times more likely to get formaldehyde-related cancer, compared to regular cigarette smokers. (New England Journal of Medicine)
- Many vape pens contain Diacetyl which has been linked to a form of cancer referred to as “Popcorn Lung"
- E-cigarettes deliver high levels of nanoparticles which can trigger inflammation and have been linked to asthma, stroke, heart disease, and diabetes
- The vapor contains at least traces of the solvents in which nicotine and flavorings are dissolved. Those solvents are lung irritants that can transform into something even more worrisome: carbonyls. This group includes known cancer-causing chemicals, such as formaldehyde, and suspected carcinogens, such as acetaldehyde.
- Vapers can inhale huge numbers of very small aerosols — the most toxic size — that can then deposit into the lung’s tiniest airways, which are pivotal to moving air into the body.
- Vapors also contain chemical flavorings and food preservatives from the vaping liquid. Although they may be generally recognized as safe by the FDA, this designation is based on tests of the compounds when they are ingested. “No one has considered their safety when it comes to inhalation,” researchers report